There were 6.4 days suitable for field work as producers close out the harvest season. Major activities last week included finishing up row crop harvest, fall tillage, hauling grain and hay, fertilizing, moving cattle to stubble fields and preparing This report was based on information from regional extension educators, Farm Service Agency county directors, and other reporters across the state.
Weather: South Dakota experienced a fairly quiet weather week, according to the State Climate Office of South Dakota. A few light precipitation events covered parts of the northern part of the state also helping keep temperatures cooler in that area. The southwestern part of the state received no precipitation but had warmer temperatures for the week.
Places that did receive precipitation during the week were mainly across the north into east central. Totals again were quite limited. Less than half of the stations reported precipitation. The lowest totals occurred at the 23 stations that reported zero precipitation for the week. Timber Lake had the most at 0.14 inches.
Statewide average temperatures were in the upper 30's across the north to mid-upper 40's in the south. The far southwest was well above average ranging up to 6¡ F above average. Murdo and Philip had the high at 75¡ F. Buffalo had the coldest at 20¡ F.
Soil condition: Soil temperatures recovered somewhat in places as the dry soil conditions responded to slightly warmer air temperatures. All locations now were in the 40's except for Oacoma, which had the high temperature at 51o F; Aberdeen and South Shore had the low at 43o F.
Field crops report: Winter wheat was 33 percent emerged, behind last year's estimate of 95 percent and the five year average of 93 percent emerged. Ninety-five percent of sunflower was harvested, ahead of last year's 91 percent and the five year average of 59 percent.
Livestock, pasture, and range report: Cattle conditions were rated at 74 percent good to excellent, 23 percent fair and 3 percent poor. Sheep conditions were rated at 79 percent good to excellent condition, 17 percent fair and 4 percent poor. Stock water supplies were rated at 40 percent very short, 35 percent short, 25 percent adequate to surplus. Feed supplies were rated at 19 percent very short, 33 percent short and 48 percent adequate to surplus.
Harvest of late season crops was winding down and producers made preparations for next year's crop as conditions allowed, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, North Dakota Field Office. Rain and snow showers delayed harvest of standing late season crops in localized areas. Fertilizer application progressed. Statewide, on average, there were 4.2 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 10 percent very short, 35 short, 53 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 20 percent very short, 43 short, 36 adequate, and 1 surplus.
Crops: By Sunday night, the harvest of corn and sugarbeets was virtually complete at 98 and 95 percent, respectively. The sunflower crop was 89 percent harvested, ahead of 78 percent last year and the five-year (2007-2011) average of 60 percent.
Livestock: Livestock producers were preparing for the winter feeding season. Calves were being weaned or taken to market in many areas. Pasture and range conditions were rated 29 percent very poor, 41 poor, 23 fair, and 7 good. Stockwater supplies were rated 20 percent very short, 41 short, and 39 adequate.
Weather: Temperatures were above normal across much of the state and near normal in parts of the north and east. Highs on Monday were in the 40s to low 60s with rain showers across much of the state. There were a few rain showers in the east on Tuesday. Wednesday was dry with highs in the 40s to low 60s. Highs on Thursday were in the 30s to mid-40s with a few rain and snow showers in the west and north. Highs on Saturday were in the upper 20s to mid-40s with rain and snow showers in the west and snow in the east. Total snow accumulations from Nov. 2 and 3 in the north central and east were generally in the 2 to 7 inch range with the highest amounts in a band from the north central to east central. Highs on Sunday were in the 30s to mid-50s.
Outlook: Highs on Friday will be in the upper 20s to 40s with a chance of snow in the north and chance of rain or snow in the southwest and south central. There will be a chance of rain or snow in the southeast and chance of snow across much of the rest of the state on Saturday with highs in the 20s to mid-40s. Highs on Sunday will be in the mid-10s to low 30s with in the northern and eastern parts of the state.