Tips For an Eco-Friendly Home
Insulation. Look for insulation that is rated suitably for your region and has an appropriate R-factor (or R value), a measurement of insulation that indicates how well it'll be able to withstand moisture and heat or cold air. The higher the R-factor is the lower your utility bills.
Flooring. Hardwood, bamboo, tile, cork or other hard-surface flooring are all easier to maintain than carpeting. These materials also absorb fewer insects and moisture that leads to mold and mildew.
Windows. Opt for windows that are large, insulated, double-hung and well sealed. Large, numerous windows provide for natural lighting, thereby reducing the amount of time you have to use artificial lighting. Double-hung windows are easier to maintain and their operability allow you to open them for natural ventilation. Well-sealed windows are properly sealed (and are usually new) which helps keep the home's envelope sealed. Insulated windows also filter the sun's harmful rays.
Water. Tankless water systems provide on-demand access to hot water throughout the home. These systems heat water directly without the use of a storage tank. So forget about running the shower for 10 minutes before you jump in. When a hot water tap is turned on, cold water travels through a pipe into the unit. In an electric tankless water heater an electric element heats the water. In a gas-fired tankless water heater a gas burner heats the water. As a result, tankless water heaters deliver a constant supply of hot water. You don't need to wait for a storage tank to fill up with enough hot water.
Appliances. Energy-saving appliances and low-flow plumbing fixtures are utility bills' best friends.
Floor plan. Open floor plans add to a home's sustainability and are easier and typically less expensive to heat, cool and maintain. If you have a better layout and floor plan, you don't need as big a house.
Shade. Roof overhangs prevent excessive sunlight from blinding or heating up a room.
Location. A properly site-oriented home takes advantage of the sun year-round but also takes access into account. Does it have trees that can provide shade and noise absorption? What happens with the runoff of rainwater? Also, the home should not be near agricultural fields, which contain dust, pesticides and pungent gasses exuded by farm animals.
Landscaping. Native plants and xeriscaping are two landscaping options that minimize the need for irrigation, a tremendous benefit during seasons when water use is restricted. Unlike exotic plants, native species thrive with minimal care (less water and fertilizer). Xeriscaping involves plants that are drought tolerant, grow slowly, conserving water and minimizing yard trimming.