MAP: American gun violence among children

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(App users, to view the interactive data visualization, follow this link).

Data is sourced from the Gun Violence Archive (GVA). It hosts a database that tracks mass shootings since 2013. The map includes shootings that were reported to police and/or filed by local news stations. But since some shootings go unreported, the database is likely missing some incidents.

GVA defines "child" as being between the ages of zero to 11.

Both maps include reported incidents between Jan. 1, 2017 to Dec. 31, 2017. Both the map and article have been updated, since the initial Dec. 5, 2017, publication. The top map includes all U.S. shooting incidents with child victims, within this time frame. Meanwhile, the bottom map (updated) includes only U.S. shooting incidents with child victims, in which the incidents were reported as "unintentional."

GVA is a not-for-profit corporation. It is an independent data collection and research group, which claims "no affiliation with any advocacy organization."

Throughout 2017, the United States has lost a total of 398 children to gun violence, according to the Gun Violence Archive database. Moreover, 100 of these deaths – 25 percent – were reported as "unintentional."

Of 655 total reported incidents nationwide, GVA's database lists 43 percent – 283 incidents – as "unintentional." Moreover, a large majority of these incidents took place on the east-side of the country.

The state with the greatest number of children injured and killed by gun violence is Texas, at 70 injured and 54 killed. In Texas, of 51 separate incidents, one included the Nov. 5, 2017, mass shooting at a Sutherland church. This incident killed 27 children and injured 20.

Excluding mass shootings, and looking only at GVA's Accidental Child Deaths and Accidental Child Injuries databases, on average one child is a victim of gunshot wounds per incident. At most, GVA has recorded three children being harmed in a single "unintentional" incident, in 2017.

In comparison, Alaska is one of the states with the fewest number of incidents; however, the state still lost a total of 2 children to gun violence. One 6-year-old died in Togiak, on Aug. 16. And a 5-year-old died in Anchorage, on Dec. 5. Both fatalities were determined to be unintentional firings, with a child setting off the firearm.

So far this year, a small handful of states are without any reported incidents, including: Hawaii, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont and Wyoming.

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